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Presentation on Child Labour
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Child labour represent a fundamental abuse of children rights which are a violation of various laws.
According to the amendment in child labour act 1986, a ban is imposed on employing children
Age group between 5-14 years
More than 120 million children's around the world
44million children's in India
U.P. has the highest number of child labours
More than 80% are employed in villages, that also in agriculture and non-formal activities like livestock rearing, fishing etc CHILD ABUSE
A recent study on Child Abuse: India 2007, conducted by Ministry of Women and Child development (GOI) revealed that across different kinds of abuse, it is young children, in the 5-12 year group, who are most at risk of abuse and exploitation.PHYSICAL ABUSE
Two out of every three children were physically abused.
Out of 69% children physically abused 54.68% were boys.
Over 50% children were being subjected to one or the other form of physical abuse
Out of those children physically abused in family situations, 88.6% were physically abused by parents.
The State of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar and Delhi have almost consistently reported higher rates of abuse in all forms as compared to other states.
50.2% children worked seven days a week.
According to the Indian census of 1991, there are 11.28 million working children under the age of fourteen years in India.
Over 85% of this child labour is in the country's rural areas, working in agricultural activities such as fanning, livestock rearing, forestry and fisheries.
The world’s highest number of working children is in India. ILO estimates that 218 million children were involved in child labour in 2004, of which 126 million were engaged in hazardous work.
The Hindi belt, including Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, account for 1.27 crore working children in the country, engaged in both hazardous and non-hazardous occupations and processes.
Over 19 lakh child labourers in the 5-14 age group are in Uttar Pradesh.
Poverty’ is the main push factor
Absence of universal compulsory Primary education
Ignorance of the parents about the adverse consequences of child labour
Lack of educational facilities or poor quality of education
Employers prefer children as they constitute cheap labour and they are not able to organize themselves against exploitation
LAWS OF CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA
The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986 prohibits employment of children below the age of 14 years in any factory or any hazardous employment
Any person who employs child he is liable for punishment with imprisonment for 3 month which can be extended to 1 year or 20,000Rs fine
It Provides free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of 14 years
Many beggar childrens and other similar forms of forced labour are prohibited and violation of this provision shall be
an offence punishable in accordance with law.
Depreciation in wages
Increased abuse of children
Increased bottlenecks in the development process
Wasted human resources
Wasted human talents and skills
Suffer injuries and illness from work
Not accessible to education
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